A chronic case of arthritis, the rheumatoid arthritis, is an inflammatory disorder that initially affects the joints and spreads to other body systems. In addition to joints, the other parts affected by this disease are eyes, skin, lungs, blood vessels and heart.Rheumatoid arthritis is an auto immune disorder, that occurs when the immune system mistakes the body tissues to be a foreign body and attacks it. The tissues affected is usually the ones lining the membranes around the joints. The joints affected by this disease appear red and swollen with severe pain during movement. The inflammation that develops around the joint, thickens the membrane effectively destroying the bone and cartilage with time.The disease is not linked to heredity but a history of rheumatoid arthritis in the family makes you susceptible to the factors leading to the disease. In other words, you are at a greater risk than a normal person. Age, smoking, obesity, environmental exposures to certain kind of metals like asbestos are some factors associated with the disease. Studies show that women are at greater risk of contracting the disease than men.
A case of rheumatoid arthritis can be diagnosed by conducting blood and imaging tests. Blood tests look for the rheumatoid factor, anti-CCP antibodies and an elevated rate of C-reactive protein. X-rays, ultra sounds and MRI scans help to track the progress and severity of the disease.
The treatment for this disease involves medications, physiotherapy, surgical treatments, arthroplasty (surgery replacing the damage part), arthroscopy (surgery with the help of small tubes to remove the damaged tissue) and joint replacement. The treatment is progressive over time and involves a rehabilitation process also.With a motto of ‘wholesome care at affordable price’, Kasturi Multispecialty Hospital, Secunderabad, Telangana offers state of the art infrastructure and advanced treatment in orthopaedic, gynaecology and other allied specialties. Under the leadership and expertise of Dr. M Kasturi and Dr. Sushanth MV, the hospital provides quality surgical and medical care, customized to the requirement of each patient. The hospital provides 24/7 care and is easily accessible.
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